Confucius (born Kong Qiu, styled Zhong Ni) lived in 551 B.C. - 479 B.C., China. Confucius is a name given by Western missionary, which has no meaning to the Chinese. The Chinese people call him Kong Fuzi or Kong Zi. To learn more about Confucius, check out the biography by Sanderson Beck, books by Confucius Publishing, and pictures of Confucius Temple.
To learn Chinese culture, it is better to learn some Confucianism since it has been well integrated in Chinese culture and is the official state philosophy for over 2000 years. Confucianism is part of the Chinese people's daily life as it is the foundation of Chinese family structure, and the guidance for personal attitudes and behaviors.
Confucius's contribution is in his ideas about the government, school, family, and ethics, and more importantly in his teaching. The following is a list of works by Confucius and his disciples.
The Five Classics:
Analects (Lun Yu):
The Great Learning (Da Xue):
The Doctrine of the Mean (Zhong Yong):
Mencius (Meng Zi):
The Book of Changes (Yi Jing or IChing):
- YiJing - I Ching - IChing in Chinese
Book of Poetry (Shi Jing):
ShiJing - The Book of Songs 1, 2, 3 The Shih Ching or "Book of Poetry"
Classic of History (Shu Jing):
The Rites (Li Ji or Li Chi):
Spring and Autumn Annals:
Book of Filial Piety (Xiao Jing):
- Xiao Jing (The Classic of Filial Piety) in Chinese Big5.
Book of Music (Yue Jing)
The Book of Music is also referred to as the sixth classic, but it was lost around the Han Dynasty.Back to Chinese Culture Index